How did it all start?

Like a modern Percival Lowell, Elon Musk is a true Mars lover. So much so that the 30-year-old young multimillionaire wanted to enter the aerospace field since the early 2000s.Originally, Musk aimed to establish a science base on the red planet through the project Oasis in March. but the cost of this design forced him to turn to spaceflight, and May 6, 2002 The company was formally established SpaceXIf the new company struggles to take off, it will have a meteoric rise in the 2010s, during which time SpaceX engineers will successfully develop reusable Falcon launchers.Musk, News pertussis The conquest of space then became globally recognized.However, if SpaceX’s goal is far, then by NASA Designing a lunar lander Artemis Projectthe company’s hegemony was challenged by backlash and the arrival of other private companies such as blue origin in the aerospace market.

The greatness of “small” beginnings

When Musk launched SpaceX in 2002, the entrepreneur had “only” $200 million in his pocket after selling his two companies, PayPal and Zip2.At first, future billionaires visit Russia for structure missile Soviet Intercontinental Ballistics (ICBM, ICBMs), without any real success. Between 2005 and 2008, SpaceX worked on developing Falcon 1 rocket. The first model will fly three times: once in 2006 and twice in 2008, with each launch leading to a failure.Still, NASA rescued the young company from bankruptcy, pouring nearly $300 million into the program Commercial Rail Transit Services (The acronym COTS means “Commercial Rail Transit Service” in French).Thanks to this funding, SpaceX got back on its feet and started developing the famous Falcon 9.

this new Rocket First launched in 2010, again with NASA support. The U.S. agency provides strong support for SpaceX and has several contracts with the company. Then, SpaceX scientists are working on a new way to reuse the launcher.developed by Werner von Braun In the late 1940s, this idea had been exploited in the past. In 1993, aircraft manufacturer McDonnell Douglas designed the Delta Clipper Reusable Transmitter It was abandoned by NASA in 1997. The avant-garde Delta Clippers proposed a landing powered by a rocket engine, nearly 20 years before the Falcon 9.At the same time, the European Space Agency is considering Ariadne 5Reusable question, questionable, will be raised again in fifteen years about Ariadne 6. In 2015, after several successful launches but failed landings, SpaceX managed to save the Falcon 9. A technological feat of international attention.

Mars Odyssey

SpaceX has partnered with public and private institutions to launch satellites one after another. 2018 Super Heavy Launcher Test Fire Falcon HeavyDesigned to be transportable track A low payload of nearly 64 tons. In 2019, the condemnation is soaring Star Chain Projectdesigned to place thousands of satellites in low orbits to provide coverage the Internet world.this astronomer Amateurs and professionals point out light pollution produced by constellation satellite. Meanwhile, SpaceX continues to be authorized by NASA. 2020, one capsule Crew Dragon Placed on top of the Falcon 9 results in two astronaut Americans (Doug Hurley and Bob Behnken) International Space Station. Since then, SpaceX will fly several crewed missions to the International Space Station. 2021, French Thomas Pesquet And the German Matthias Maurer both drove the Crew Dragon to the station.

Astronauts return as NASA continues planning moondesign and put up lunar lander, named human landing system, commissioned by NASA to SpaceX. The architecture of HLS is based on starship, capable of carrying (theoretically) a hundred-ton super-heavy ship in low orbit.If Elon Musk’s company has starship, which turned out to be indeterminate.Various flights of starships NS Manufacturing 2021 ends with fireworks. We still have to wait to put astronauts on Elon Musk’s new XXL toy.

This entrepreneur has made no secret of his intentions: to send humans to the moon by 2025 and disembark The first Martian settlers on the red planet before 2030. It’s hard to predict whether the billionaire’s ambitions will materialize in the time available. SpaceX President Gwynne Shotwell announced on May 6, 2022 that, after approval, Starship will conduct its first orbital flight between June and July 2022. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA, Federal Aviation Administration). This milestone could mark a big step forward for SpaceX, the Artemis program, and the conquest of space.

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