How To Get A Mortgage: A Step-By-Step Guide

You likely already know that one sort of loan you can use to buy a home is a mortgage. Before you begin looking for a home, it’s a good idea to educate yourself as much as you can about obtaining a mortgage.

Knowing the participants and the procedure is the greatest method to prevent time wastage. That entails collaborating with a lender to obtain the finest loan feasible.

In this post, we’ll go over what lenders are looking for, the paperwork required, and the five steps that make up the mortgage process to get you ready to shop for a mortgage.

What Are Mortgage Lenders Should You Looking For?

When you apply for a mortgage, the lender will consider a number of different aspects in order to determine your ability to repay the loan. Your income and employment history, credit score, debt-to-income ratio, assets, and the kind of property you’re intending to buy are the main factors taken into account.

Income and Work Experience

Your income is one of the first factors mortgage lenders take into account when you apply for a loan. You don’t have to make a certain amount of money annually to be able to own a home. However, your mortgage lender does need to be aware of the fact that you have a reliable source of income to repay your loan.

Your employment history, monthly household income, and any additional sources of income you may have, such as child support or alimony payments, will all be investigated by your lender.

Credit Score

Your ability to obtain a mortgage is significantly influenced by your credit score. A high credit score demonstrates to lenders that you pay your bills on time and don’t have a history of excessive borrowing. Due to the possibility that you may have a history of poor money management, a low credit score makes you a riskier borrower in the eyes of lenders.

Typically, 620 is the minimum credit score required for a conventional loan. You’ll need a credit score of at least 580 for a government-backed loan, however this can change based on the loan you select.

You may be able to access more lenders and enjoy lower interest rates if your credit score is higher. Before you apply for a loan, it’s a good idea to try to raise your credit score for a few months if it’s low.


Debt-To-Income Ratio (DTI)

Your debt-to-income ratio is a potent indicator used by lenders to decide if you have the necessary cash flow to qualify for a mortgage, much like income and credit score.

Your DTI is determined by multiplying your gross monthly income by the sum of all of your minimum monthly debt payments. Your DTI will need to take periodic bills like credit card statements, student loans, and auto loans into account. When computing DTI, expenses like groceries or a Netflix subscription might be excluded.

The DTI a lender is looking for will change depending on the sort of mortgage you’re asking for. Typically, a DTI of 50% or less is the standard for a conventional mortgage – However, the requirements for many government-backed loans will be higher.


When you apply for a loan, lenders want to know if you have any additional cash on hand. This guarantees the lender that even if you experience financial difficulties, you will still be able to make your payments. Your lender will request access to your assets, which include any kind of account from which you can withdraw money.

Here are some illustrations of assets:

  • escrow accounts
  • retirement savings
  • Taxable assets

Property Type

Because different forms of property modify the level of risk for your lender, the sort of loan you can acquire depends on the type of property you buy.

Want to purchase a modest single-family home to use as your main residence? Because lenders are aware that the majority of individuals already budget for primary housing costs, you’ll likely receive better terms and be more likely to make your payments on time.

If the owner experiences financial difficulty, primary dwellings will take precedence over investment properties. Lenders will probably demand a greater down payment and a higher credit score in order to qualify for an investment property mortgage in order to balance the potential risk.

Depending on the kind of property you want, there are different interest rates and buyer criteria. Remember that not all lenders finance all types of properties (mobile, manufactured, commercial, etc.).